We typically associate acne with the teen years, but those pesky inflamed spots can persist well into adulthood. Often, these breakouts are caused by hormone fluctuations and bacterial buildup in the pores, which can cause your skin to look dull and uneven. The good news is that hormonal spots are treatable, and figuring out whether your breakouts are hormonal or bacterial can help you find the best treatment.
荷爾蒙斑 acne occurs when oil produced by the sebaceous glands (the glands in the skin that produce sebum) increases due to fluctuating hormones, causing excess sebum that clogs pores and fosters bacteria. The condition can be triggered by testosterone levels, which go up during puberty as part of the growth process in teens, but it’s also linked to other hormonal changes. Pregnancy, menstrual cycles, and dropping estrogen levels around menopause may all contribute to hormonal acne. In addition, conditions that impact hormone levels, like polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and hyperandrogenemia, can also lead to breakouts.
Skincare Secrets: Combatting Hormonal Spots Effectively
The good news is that hormonal spots can be easy to identify, especially if they’re around the face and chin area. Breakouts that appear on these areas tend to be larger than your average pimple and are usually painful or red, as they form deep cysts, nodules, papules, and pustules. In addition, if your breakouts occur in the same place a lot of times, it’s probably a sign that they’re hormonal rather than bacterial.